nuninho, stll, not. Only altitude information is available if you have selected the body you are hanging above. Also, there's the default key to level with horizon ("Home") so you would not get vertigo when flying near surface.
I suppose it is easy for Space Engineer to implement some of the easiest astronomical instruments, but there are at least two reasons why they are not there yet: 1. There was no demand. 2. The orbital system isn't 100% complete and this simulator still not suitable for astronomic measurements. For example, even though it was possible to observe transit of Venus in 2012, the Solar eclipse of the same year was not available.